Hamstring Injury Specialists Johnstown PA

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Brian Earl Gunnlaugson, MD
(814) 539-7417
321 Main St Ste 3C
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mem Univ Of Newfoundland, Fac Of Med, St Johns, Nfld, Canada
Graduation Year: 1984
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa
Group Practice: Upmc Lee Regional Care Ctrs

Data Provided By:
William Chua Go Jr, MD
(814) 467-6653
609 Somerset St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Santo Tomas, Fac Of Med And Surg, Manila, Philippines
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Richard David Schroeder
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
James Michael Moses, MD
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
Scott Q Little, DDS
(814) 262-0123
344 Budfield St Ste 1
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Martin M Dudas, DMD
(814) 535-8321
538 Vine St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Brian E Gunnlaugson
(814) 535-6521
321 Main St
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Edward Brown Hill, MD
(814) 535-1600
1111 Franklin St Ste 110
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1960
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa
Group Practice: Highland Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Don Allen Lowry, MD
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Ian Katz
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Hamstring Injuries

A Patient's Guide to Hamstring Injuries

Introduction

The big group of muscles and tendons in the back of the thigh are commonly called the hamstrings. Injuries in this powerful muscle group are common, especially in athletes. Hamstring injuries happen to all types of athletes, from Olympic sprinters to slow-pitch softball players. Though these injuries can be very painful, they will usually heal on their own. But for an injured hamstring to return to full function, it needs special attention and a specially designed rehabilitation program.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the hamstrings work
  • why hamstring injuries cause problems
  • how doctors treat the condition

Anatomy

Where are the hamstrings, and what do they do?

The hamstrings make up the bulk in back of the thigh. They are formed by three muscles and their tendons. The hamstrings connect to the ischial tuberosity, the small bony projection on the bottom of the pelvis, just below the buttocks. (There is one ischial tuberosity on the left and one on the right.) The hamstring muscles run down the back of the thigh. Their tendons cross the knee joint and connect on each side of the shinbone (tibia).

The hamstrings function by pulling the leg backward and by propelling the body forward while walking or running. This is called hip extension. The hamstrings also bend the knees, a motion called knee flexion.

Most hamstring injuries occur in the musculotendinous complex. This is the area where the muscles and tendons join. (Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones.) The hamstring has a large musculotendinous complex, which partly explains why hamstring injuries are so common.

When the hamstring is injured, the fibers of the muscles or tendon are actually torn. The body responds to the damage by producing enzymes and other body chemicals at the site of the injury. These chemicals produce the symptoms of swelling and pain.

In a severe injury, the small blood vessels in the muscle can be torn as well. This results in bleeding into the muscle tissue. Until these small blood vessels can repair themselves, less blood can flow to the area. With this reduced blood flow, the muscles cannot begin to heal.

The chemicals that are produced and the blood clotting are your body's way of healing itself. Your body heals the muscle by rebuilding the muscle tissue and by forming scar tissue. Carefully stretching and exercising your injured muscle helps maximize the building of muscle tissue as you heal.

In rare cases, an injury can cause the muscle and tendons to tear away from the bone. This happens most often where the hamstring tendons attach to the ischial tuberosity. These tears, called avulsions, sometimes require surgery.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

How do hamstring injuries occur?

Hamstring injuries happen when the muscles are stretched too far. Sprinting and other fast or twisting m...

Click here to read the rest of this article from eOrthopod.com