Hamstring Injury Specialists Lincoln NE
Orthopedic Surgery, Foot & Ankle Surgery, Sports Medicine
Medical School: Univ Of Ne Coll Of Med, Omaha Ne 68198
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital: Lincoln General Hospital, Lincoln, Ne
Group Practice: Lincoln Orthopedic & Sports
Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine
Medical School: Univ Of Alberta, Fac Of Med, Edmonton, Alb, Canada
Graduation Year: 1988
Hospital: Memorial Health Care System, Seward, Ne; Lincoln General Hospital, Lincoln, Ne; St Elizabeth Comm Hlth Center, Lincoln, Ne
Group Practice: Lincoln Orthopaedic Center Pc
Foot & Ankle Surgery
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1983
Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine
A Patient's Guide to Hamstring Injuries
The big group of muscles and tendons in the back of the thigh are commonly called the hamstrings. Injuries in this powerful muscle group are common, especially in athletes. Hamstring injuries happen to all types of athletes, from Olympic sprinters to slow-pitch softball players. Though these injuries can be very painful, they will usually heal on their own. But for an injured hamstring to return to full function, it needs special attention and a specially designed rehabilitation program.
This guide will help you understand
Where are the hamstrings, and what do they do?
The hamstrings make up the bulk in back of the thigh. They are formed by three muscles and their tendons. The hamstrings connect to the ischial tuberosity, the small bony projection on the bottom of the pelvis, just below the buttocks. (There is one ischial tuberosity on the left and one on the right.) The hamstring muscles run down the back of the thigh. Their tendons cross the knee joint and connect on each side of the shinbone (tibia).
The hamstrings function by pulling the leg backward and by propelling the body forward while walking or running. This is called hip extension. The hamstrings also bend the knees, a motion called knee flexion.
Most hamstring injuries occur in the musculotendinous complex. This is the area where the muscles and tendons join. (Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones.) The hamstring has a large musculotendinous complex, which partly explains why hamstring injuries are so common.
When the hamstring is injured, the fibers of the muscles or tendon are actually torn. The body responds to the damage by producing enzymes and other body chemicals at the site of the injury. These chemicals produce the symptoms of swelling and pain.
In a severe injury, the small blood vessels in the muscle can be torn as well. This results in bleeding into the muscle tissue. Until these small blood vessels can repair themselves, less blood can flow to the area. With this reduced blood flow, the muscles cannot begin to heal.
The chemicals that are produced and the blood clotting are your body's way of healing itself. Your body heals the muscle by rebuilding the muscle tissue and by forming scar tissue. Carefully stretching and exercising your injured muscle helps maximize the building of muscle tissue as you heal.
In rare cases, an injury can cause the muscle and tendons to tear away from the bone. This happens most often where the hamstring tendons attach to the ischial tuberosity. These tears, called avulsions, sometimes require surgery.
Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy
How do hamstring injuries occur?
Hamstring injuries happen when the muscles are stretched too far. Sprinting and other fast or twisting m...