Hamstring Injury Specialists Temple Hills MD

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Edward G Alexander Jr., MD
(703) 461-7100
4801 Kenmore Ave
Alexandria, VA
Business
Northern Virginia Orthopaedic Group
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
James E Callan MD
(301) 891-6130
7610 Carroll Ave
Takoma Park, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Christina Cervieri, MD
(301) 839-1600
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Hamid R Quraishi, MD
(301) 567-7200
6196 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 430
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Dow Med Coll, Univ Of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
Graduation Year: 1959

Data Provided By:
Melissa Ann Yadao, MD
(703) 549-1652
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
David C Johnson, MD
(202) 291-9266
106 Irving St NW
Washington, DC
Business
National Orthopedics PC
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Zohair Shehzad Alam, MD
(301) 567-7200
6196 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 430
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Howard Univ Coll Of Med, Washington Dc 20059
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Kenneth Hrechka, DDS
(301) 839-2500
6130 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 304
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Rida Naguib Azer, MD
(301) 839-1600
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Languages
Arabic
Education
Medical School: Kasr El Aini Fac Med Cairo Univ, Cairo (915-02 After 1/1971)
Graduation Year: 1959
Hospital
Hospital: George Washington Univ Hosp, Washington, Dc
Group Practice: Metropolitan Wash Orthopedic

Data Provided By:
Eric Geoffrey Dawson
(301) 567-2850
6196 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 310
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Hamstring Injuries

A Patient's Guide to Hamstring Injuries

Introduction

The big group of muscles and tendons in the back of the thigh are commonly called the hamstrings. Injuries in this powerful muscle group are common, especially in athletes. Hamstring injuries happen to all types of athletes, from Olympic sprinters to slow-pitch softball players. Though these injuries can be very painful, they will usually heal on their own. But for an injured hamstring to return to full function, it needs special attention and a specially designed rehabilitation program.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the hamstrings work
  • why hamstring injuries cause problems
  • how doctors treat the condition

Anatomy

Where are the hamstrings, and what do they do?

The hamstrings make up the bulk in back of the thigh. They are formed by three muscles and their tendons. The hamstrings connect to the ischial tuberosity, the small bony projection on the bottom of the pelvis, just below the buttocks. (There is one ischial tuberosity on the left and one on the right.) The hamstring muscles run down the back of the thigh. Their tendons cross the knee joint and connect on each side of the shinbone (tibia).

The hamstrings function by pulling the leg backward and by propelling the body forward while walking or running. This is called hip extension. The hamstrings also bend the knees, a motion called knee flexion.

Most hamstring injuries occur in the musculotendinous complex. This is the area where the muscles and tendons join. (Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones.) The hamstring has a large musculotendinous complex, which partly explains why hamstring injuries are so common.

When the hamstring is injured, the fibers of the muscles or tendon are actually torn. The body responds to the damage by producing enzymes and other body chemicals at the site of the injury. These chemicals produce the symptoms of swelling and pain.

In a severe injury, the small blood vessels in the muscle can be torn as well. This results in bleeding into the muscle tissue. Until these small blood vessels can repair themselves, less blood can flow to the area. With this reduced blood flow, the muscles cannot begin to heal.

The chemicals that are produced and the blood clotting are your body's way of healing itself. Your body heals the muscle by rebuilding the muscle tissue and by forming scar tissue. Carefully stretching and exercising your injured muscle helps maximize the building of muscle tissue as you heal.

In rare cases, an injury can cause the muscle and tendons to tear away from the bone. This happens most often where the hamstring tendons attach to the ischial tuberosity. These tears, called avulsions, sometimes require surgery.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

How do hamstring injuries occur?

Hamstring injuries happen when the muscles are stretched too far. Sprinting and other fast or twisting m...

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