Hand Infection Treatment Hernando MS

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MATTIE HUFF, HOMEMAKER
(662) 781-4716
5671 DOVER DRIVE
HORN LAKE, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Languages
ENGLISH
Education
Graduation Year: 1950

Data Provided By:
Marc Jeffrey Mihalko, MD
(901) 759-5540
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
David R Richardson, MD
(901) 759-5541
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: E Tn State Univ J H Quillen Coll Of Med, Johnson City Tn 37614
Graduation Year: 1999

Data Provided By:
Robert M Pickering, MD
(901) 759-3211
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ms Sch Of Med, Jackson Ms 39216
Graduation Year: 1991

Data Provided By:
John Thomas Morris, MD
(662) 536-2526
7900 Airways Blvd Bldg A Ste 1
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ms Sch Of Med, Jackson Ms 39216
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Andrew H Crenshaw Jr, MD
(901) 759-3212
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Baptist Memorial Hosp-Desoto, Southaven, Ms
Group Practice: Campbell Clinic

Data Provided By:
James H Calandruccio, MD
(901) 759-3111
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics, General Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Claiborne Ashby Christian
(662) 536-0900
391 Southcrest Cir
Southaven, MS
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine

Data Provided By:
Hunter B Harrison, DDS
(662) 349-0777
7732 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Barry Brent Phillips, MD
(901) 759-3100
7545 Airways Blvd
Southaven, MS
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Baptist Memorial Hosp -Memphi, Memphis, Tn; Methodist Hospital-Germantown, Germantown, Tn
Group Practice: Campbell Clinic

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Hand Infections

In this article, hand surgeons from the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Washington, D.C. offer us a review of rare, but potentially disabling hand infections. They focus on two infections of the wrist, hand, or fingers: osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. Causes, type of bacteria involved, patient symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are summarized for each condition. Complications with and without treatment are also presented.

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone or bone marrow that can affect the hand. The most common infecting bacteria are staph, strep, and e coli. Undiagnosed, delayed diagnosis, or untreated, any of these infectious agents can cause destruction of the joint. Loss of motion, impaired function, and eventual arthritis with pain, stiffness, and disability can occur. The disease process can get so bad, a person can lose the affected hand.

How does a person get osteomyelitis of the hand or wrist? There are three main mechanisms: 1) puncture wounds (e.g., human bites, thorns, fractures, and surgery), 2) spread from infection of nearby soft tissues, and 3) spread through the blood system from any other infection in the body.

The immune system sets up an inflammatory response and tries to wall off the infection. In the healthy child or adult, this reaction may be enough to take care of the problem. But malnutrition, smoking, medications that suppress the immune system, and cancer or other health problems can put the patient at a disadvantage for self-healing.

In the case of one particular bacteria (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, pronounced "mersa"), even healthy people can be affected. Tissue invasion and severe bone destruction can occur quickly. That's why early diagnosis and immediate treatment is recommended for hand infections of this type.

How does the hand surgeon know a patient has an osteomyelitis-linked hand infection? There are usually visual signs (swelling, redness, warmth) and pain. The patient may have a fever with chills and fatigue. These flu-like symptoms are a red flag of systemic (system-wide) infection. Blood tests and imaging studies possibly including X-rays, bone scans, PET scans, MRIs, and other more advanced imaging aid in making the diagnosis.

Once it's clear what the surgeon is dealing with, then treatment begins. Antibiotics may be all that's needed if the problem is identified and caught early. But most of the time, surgery is needed to debride (clean out) the area. This surgical procedure is followed by a course of antibiotics as well.

It may be necessary to perform more than one debridement, a process called serial debridement. Serial debridement is done until the affected area is clear of infection. The whole process can take six weeks or more. If the infection has occurred around an implant (e.g., joint replacement or hardware used to repair a fracture), the implant may have to be removed before debridement and antibiot...

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