Knee Osteoarthritis Treatments for Seniors Brookings SD
Orthopedics, Aerospace Medicine
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital: Brookings Hosp, Brookings, Sd
Group Practice: Brookings Medical Clinic
North Sioux City, SD
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med
Year of Graduation: 1985
Hospital: St Lukes Reg Medctr, Sioux City, Ia
Accepting New Patients: Yes
5.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.
Fort Meade, SD
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital: Sacred Heart Health Services, Yankton, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Praireland Orthopaedics
Sioux Falls, SD
Sioux Falls, SD
Seniors, Put Your Money Where Your Knee Is
How FAST can you decide which is a more cost-effective treatment for knee osteoarthritis? To help answer this question, researchers designed a FAST study: the Fitness and Arthritis Seniors Trial.
Information about cost-effective treatment is needed to help identify the best treatments and, ideally, to lower costs of medical care. Calculating the benefits of preventive treatment is a challenge, especially when trying to decide the monetary value of less pain, better movement, or longer life. This study measured the benefits of various types of treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA), along with the costs for each treatment.
After screening nearly 5000 people, the authors included 439 seniors in the study. Participants were randomly placed in one of three groups. One group did only aerobic exercise. Another did only resistance exercises. The third group served as a control group and received only education. To begin, participants completed a questionnaire about their knee condition. Then they were scored in their ability to do various daily activities, such as a six-minute walk, going up and down stairs, lifting and carrying, and getting into and out of a car. They also reported their pain levels.
The aerobic and resistance exercisers did their first three months of training in the clinic. They continued doing their program at home for another 15 months. Aerobic exercisers warmed up, walked, and then did a cool down for a total of 60 minutes, three times each week. People doing resistance exercises worked their major muscle groups using nine different strengthening exercises for the upper and lower body. The control group received monthly education classes for three months, each lasting 1.5 hours. A nurse contacted each person in the education group at regular intervals over the next 18 months.
The same questionnaire, scored tests, and pain reports were completed after the test period. The findings showed that costs were slightly less for resistance...