Shoulder Arthroscopy North Augusta SC

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Mercer T Bridges, MD FACS
618 Bramble Rd
North Augusta, SC
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgia
Graduation Year: 1963

Data Provided By:
Simeon Marcus Fulcher, MD
(706) 721-2846
1120 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Louisville Sch Of Med, Louisville Ky 40202
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
David Gallagher, MD
(706) 721-2849
1120 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Ga Sch Of Med, Augusta Ga 30912
Graduation Year: 2001

Data Provided By:
Timothy R Young, DO
(706) 721-2318
1120 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Philadelphia Coll Of Osteo Med, Philadelphia Pa 19131
Graduation Year: 1976

Data Provided By:
Paul James Herzwurm, MD
(706) 722-3401
811 13th St Bldg 3 Ste 20
Augusta, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Ga Sch Of Med, Augusta Ga 30912
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Raymond Scott Corpe
(706) 721-2318
1120 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas Edward Bailey
(706) 722-3401
811 13th St
Augusta, GA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Michael Charles Tucker, MD
(706) 721-2847
937 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Randall Miller Meredith
(706) 722-3401
811 13th St
Augusta, GA
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Jarrod Edward DuMpe
(706) 721-2503
1120 15th St
Augusta, GA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Shoulder Arthroscopy

A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Arthroscopy

Introduction

The use of arthroscopy (arthro means joint and scopy means look) has revolutionized many different types of orthopedic surgery. During a shoulder arthroscopy, a small video camera attached to a fiber-optic lens is inserted into the shoulder joint to allow a surgeon to see without making a large incision. Today the shoulder is one of the joints in which the arthroscope is commonly used to both diagnose problems and to perform surgical procedures inside the joint.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the condition develops
  • how doctors diagnose the condition
  • what treatment options are available

Anatomy


The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone). A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, forms the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat, shaped somewhat like a dinner plate rather than a bowl. The humeral head forms the ball portion of the joint. Both the glenoid and the humeral head are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Articular cartilage also functions as a shock absorber.


The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis. Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move the bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the shoulder socket, the glenoid. The upper part of the scapula that makes up the roof of the shoulder is called the acromion.


The shoulder joint is surrounded by a water tight pocket called the joint capsule. This capsule is formed by the rotator cuff tendons, ligaments, connective tissue and synovial tissue. When the joint capsule is filled with sterile saline and is distended, the surgeon can insert the arthroscope into the pocket that is formed, turn on the lights and the camera and see inside the shoulder joint as if looking into an aquarium. The surgeon can see nearly everything that is inside the shoulder joint including: (1) the joint surfaces of the glenoid socket and the humeral head (2) the rotator cuff tendons, (3) the glenoid labrum and (4) the synovial lining of the joint.

The arthroscope can also be placed in the space outside the shoulder joint known as the subacromial bursa. This bursa is a water tight pocket that sits above the shoulder joint. By placing the arthroscope into this space, the surgeon can see the underside of the distal end of the clavicle (collarbone) and the acromion as well as the joint that is for...

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