Spine Surgeons Bullhead City AZ

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Stan D Allen
(928) 758-1175
2000 Highway 95
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Theron C Tilgner, DO
2000 Highway 95 Ste 200
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Kirksville Coll Of Osteo Med, Kirksville Mo 63501
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Blake A Stamper
(928) 758-1175
2000 Highway 95
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas Paul Jacobson, MD
(605) 217-2667
1648 Highway 95
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1985
Hospital
Hospital: St Lukes Reg Medctr, Sioux City, Ia
Group Practice: Center For Neurosciences Ortho

Data Provided By:
Roman T. Lewicky, MD
(928) 774-7757
1485 N. Tourquoise Dr.
Flagstaff, AZ
Business
Northern Arizona Orthopaedics, LTD.
Specialties
Orthopedics
Insurance
Insurance Plans Accepted: Blue CrossUnited Healthcare
Medicare Accepted: Yes
Workmens Comp Accepted: Yes
Accepts Uninsured Patients: Yes
Emergency Care: No

Doctor Information
Primary Hospital: Flagstaff Medical Center
Residency Training: Northwestern University Medical Center Orthopaedic Surgery 1975
Medical School: Northwestern University Medical School, 1968
Additional Information
Member Organizations: ABOS AAOS AANA ArMA
Awards: Arizona Sports Medicine Doctor of the Year, 1982.
Languages Spoken: English,Spanish,Ukrainian,Polish

Data Provided By:
Blake Stamper, DO
2000 Highway 95 Ste 200
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of N Tx Hlth Sci Ctr, Tx Coll Osteo Med, Ft Worth Tx 76107
Graduation Year: 1988
Hospital
Hospital: Palo Verde Hosp, Blythe, Ca
Group Practice: Tri-State Orthopedic Institute

Data Provided By:
Robert L Lock
(928) 758-1175
2000 Highway 95
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert Louis Lock, DO
(928) 758-1175
2000 Highway 95
Bullhead City, AZ
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of N Tx Hlth Sci Ctr, Tx Coll Osteo Med, Ft Worth Tx 76107
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
Robert Louis Lock II, DO
(928) 758-1175
Laughlin, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of N Tx Hlth Sci Ctr, Tx Coll Osteo Med, Ft Worth Tx 76107
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
Duane D. H. Pitt, MD
(480) 656-4048
8573 E. Princess Drive,
Scottsdale, AZ
Business
Desert Institute for Spine Disorders, PC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Insurance
Workmens Comp Accepted: Yes

Additional Information
Languages Spoken: English,Spanish

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Monitoring Spinal Function During Spine Surgery

Any spine surgery is a very delicate operation. Care must be taken to prevent damage to the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and blood vessels supplying these neural components. Damage to the blood vessels and loss of blood supply to the spinal cord can have serious consequences.

Surgeons have an important tool available during spinal surgery to monitor patients called intraoperative neuromonitoring or IOM. IOM methods include the wake-up test, somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP), transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP), spinal cord MEPs, spontaneous electromyography (sEMG), and triggered electromyography (tEMG).

Each one of these tests has its own purposes and functions. But the basic idea behind this type of monitoring is to make sure moment-by-moment during the procedure that no injury has occurred. This is called real-time monitoring. Warning is given so that any damage can be prevented or reversed.

The tests must be accurate enough to avoid any false positives or false negatives. A false positive means the test says there's a problem when there really isn't one. A false negative is a test that doesn't indicate a problem when there is one.

In this study, neurosurgeons from the University of Pennsylvania and University of Virginia reviewed studies published on intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). They wanted to know how sensitive are each of the tests. Surgeons need to know what test values require immediate action.

Having these tests makes it possible to perform more complex spinal surgeries. That's important for patients with severe scoliosis undergoing spinal correction to get the best possible result. The same is true for cancer patients with spinal tumors that have to be removed. It allows the surgeon to be more aggressive when it's needed and with less risk of complications.

For each of the IOM tests, the authors provide a description of the test, when it would be used, and what the research reports about reliability, validity, and effectiveness of each test. Surgeons are given ways to avoid problems and obstacles with each test. A summary of all the technical information is provided with key points from the article offered in the conclusion.

Here's a sample of the type of information surgeons can obtain from this review. The wake-up test (gradually reducing the amount of anesthesia until the patient wakes up enough to move their arms and legs) has many more drawbacks than benefits compared to the other tests. It's easy to do but only offers a one-time look at what's going on when really ongoing monitoring is much better. It should only be used along with a more consistent test.

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs) became popular in the late 1980s and early 1990s. They were thought to be reliable but it turned out there was a high rate of false negatives. SSEPs don't monitor all aspects of spinal cord, spinal nerve, and vascular (blood supply) function. They are not reliable to test mot...

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