Spine Surgeons Essex Junction VT

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Robert Danl Monsey, MD
(802) 656-4690
PO Box 1063
Burlington, VT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Tucker Andrew Drury
(802) 656-3806
95 Carrigan Dr
Burlington, VT
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Claude Elmer Nichols, MD
95 Carrigan Dr Fl 4
Burlington, VT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Patrick Joseph Mahoney
(802) 862-3983
6 San Remo Dr
South Burlington, VT
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Seth West Frenzen
(802) 862-3983
6 San Remo Dr
South Burlington, VT
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Paul Herbert Reiss, MD
28 Park Ave
Williston, VT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Case Western Reserve Univ Sch Of Med, Cleveland Oh 44106
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
James Gregory Howe, MD
95 Carrigan Dr Fl 4
Burlington, VT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Vt Coll Of Med, Burlington Vt 05405
Graduation Year: 1973

Data Provided By:
Martin Hans Krag, MD
(802) 656-4472
95 Carrigan Dr Fl 4
Burlington, VT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Yale Univ Sch Of Med, New Haven Ct 06510
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, Vt

Data Provided By:
Dr.DOUGLAS CAMPBELL
(802) 862-3983
6 San Remo Drive
South Burlington, VT
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: Mi State Univ Coll Of Human Med
Year of Graduation: 1981
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
2.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Dr.James Slauterbeck
(802) 847-9414
192 Tilley Drive
South Burlington, VT
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.

Data Provided By:
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Monitoring Spinal Function During Spine Surgery

Any spine surgery is a very delicate operation. Care must be taken to prevent damage to the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and blood vessels supplying these neural components. Damage to the blood vessels and loss of blood supply to the spinal cord can have serious consequences.

Surgeons have an important tool available during spinal surgery to monitor patients called intraoperative neuromonitoring or IOM. IOM methods include the wake-up test, somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP), transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP), spinal cord MEPs, spontaneous electromyography (sEMG), and triggered electromyography (tEMG).

Each one of these tests has its own purposes and functions. But the basic idea behind this type of monitoring is to make sure moment-by-moment during the procedure that no injury has occurred. This is called real-time monitoring. Warning is given so that any damage can be prevented or reversed.

The tests must be accurate enough to avoid any false positives or false negatives. A false positive means the test says there's a problem when there really isn't one. A false negative is a test that doesn't indicate a problem when there is one.

In this study, neurosurgeons from the University of Pennsylvania and University of Virginia reviewed studies published on intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). They wanted to know how sensitive are each of the tests. Surgeons need to know what test values require immediate action.

Having these tests makes it possible to perform more complex spinal surgeries. That's important for patients with severe scoliosis undergoing spinal correction to get the best possible result. The same is true for cancer patients with spinal tumors that have to be removed. It allows the surgeon to be more aggressive when it's needed and with less risk of complications.

For each of the IOM tests, the authors provide a description of the test, when it would be used, and what the research reports about reliability, validity, and effectiveness of each test. Surgeons are given ways to avoid problems and obstacles with each test. A summary of all the technical information is provided with key points from the article offered in the conclusion.

Here's a sample of the type of information surgeons can obtain from this review. The wake-up test (gradually reducing the amount of anesthesia until the patient wakes up enough to move their arms and legs) has many more drawbacks than benefits compared to the other tests. It's easy to do but only offers a one-time look at what's going on when really ongoing monitoring is much better. It should only be used along with a more consistent test.

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs) became popular in the late 1980s and early 1990s. They were thought to be reliable but it turned out there was a high rate of false negatives. SSEPs don't monitor all aspects of spinal cord, spinal nerve, and vascular (blood supply) function. They are not reliable to test mot...

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