Spine Surgeons Sebring FL

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James B Kendrick, DMD
(863) 385-0452
1747 Sw Lakeview Dr
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jose R Thomas Richards, DO
3750 Emergency Ln
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Hlth Sci, Coll Of Osteo Med, Kansas City Mo 64124
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
Diana Deane Carr, MD
(863) 382-7777
131 US Highway 27 N
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1975

Data Provided By:
Vernon R Morris, MD
(863) 386-5555
3201 Medical Way
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Murphy F McGirt, MD
(305) 743-4811
PO Box 248 1064 E Cornell St
Avon Park, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Alfred Robert Massam
(863) 385-3611
133 U.S. 27 North
Sebring, FL
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen Frank Beissinger, MD
(863) 385-2222
6325 US Highway 27 N Ste 201
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: Highlands Reg Med Ctr, Sebring, Fl; Winter Haven Hosp, Winter Haven, Fl; Florida Hosp -Lake Placid, Lake Placid, Fl
Group Practice: Florida Joint & Spine Inst

Data Provided By:
Ashok Sonni, MD
(239) 385-2222
6325 US Highway 27 N Ste 201
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Languages
Spanish
Education
Medical School: Bangalore Med Coll, Bangalore Univ, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital
Hospital: Florida Hosp Heartland Div, Sebring, Fl; Highlands Reg Med Ctr, Sebring, Fl
Group Practice: Florida Joint & Spine Inst

Data Provided By:
Juan Carlos Alvarez, MD
(863) 314-4477
PO Box 8027
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Fl Coll Of Med, Gainesville Fl 32610
Graduation Year: 1996

Data Provided By:
Claude F Martin, MD
(256) 718-3200
2794 Palo Verde Dr
Avon Park, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mc Gill Univ, Fac Of Med, Montreal, Que, Canada
Graduation Year: 1984

Data Provided By:
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Monitoring Spinal Function During Spine Surgery

Any spine surgery is a very delicate operation. Care must be taken to prevent damage to the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and blood vessels supplying these neural components. Damage to the blood vessels and loss of blood supply to the spinal cord can have serious consequences.

Surgeons have an important tool available during spinal surgery to monitor patients called intraoperative neuromonitoring or IOM. IOM methods include the wake-up test, somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP), transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP), spinal cord MEPs, spontaneous electromyography (sEMG), and triggered electromyography (tEMG).

Each one of these tests has its own purposes and functions. But the basic idea behind this type of monitoring is to make sure moment-by-moment during the procedure that no injury has occurred. This is called real-time monitoring. Warning is given so that any damage can be prevented or reversed.

The tests must be accurate enough to avoid any false positives or false negatives. A false positive means the test says there's a problem when there really isn't one. A false negative is a test that doesn't indicate a problem when there is one.

In this study, neurosurgeons from the University of Pennsylvania and University of Virginia reviewed studies published on intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). They wanted to know how sensitive are each of the tests. Surgeons need to know what test values require immediate action.

Having these tests makes it possible to perform more complex spinal surgeries. That's important for patients with severe scoliosis undergoing spinal correction to get the best possible result. The same is true for cancer patients with spinal tumors that have to be removed. It allows the surgeon to be more aggressive when it's needed and with less risk of complications.

For each of the IOM tests, the authors provide a description of the test, when it would be used, and what the research reports about reliability, validity, and effectiveness of each test. Surgeons are given ways to avoid problems and obstacles with each test. A summary of all the technical information is provided with key points from the article offered in the conclusion.

Here's a sample of the type of information surgeons can obtain from this review. The wake-up test (gradually reducing the amount of anesthesia until the patient wakes up enough to move their arms and legs) has many more drawbacks than benefits compared to the other tests. It's easy to do but only offers a one-time look at what's going on when really ongoing monitoring is much better. It should only be used along with a more consistent test.

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs) became popular in the late 1980s and early 1990s. They were thought to be reliable but it turned out there was a high rate of false negatives. SSEPs don't monitor all aspects of spinal cord, spinal nerve, and vascular (blood supply) function. They are not reliable to test mot...

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