Spine Surgeons Stillwater OK

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Thomas Roger Stewart, DDS
(405) 624-1005
607 S Orchard St
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Scott N Stubbs
(405) 707-0900
511 Windsor Dr
Stillwater, OK
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Cary Couch
(405) 707-7500
320 N Perkins Rd
Stillwater, OK
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas George Wuller, MD
(405) 707-0900
511 Windsor Dr
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
Thomas Marvin Atteberry, MD
(405) 707-7500
320 N Perkins Rd
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
Cary William Couch, MD
(405) 707-7500
320 N Perkins Rd
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1969
Hospital
Hospital: Stillwater Med Ctr, Stillwater, Ok
Group Practice: Stillwater Orthopedic Clinic

Data Provided By:
Scott Nicholas Stubbs, MD
(405) 707-0400
511 Windsor Dr
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Mark Ellis Munson, MD
(405) 707-7500
320 N Perkins Rd
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Charles Edwin Polk, DDS
(405) 372-1300
1518 W 8Th Ave
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Bretton Howard Jameson, MD
(405) 707-0900
511 Windsor Dr
Stillwater, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
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Monitoring Spinal Function During Spine Surgery

Any spine surgery is a very delicate operation. Care must be taken to prevent damage to the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and blood vessels supplying these neural components. Damage to the blood vessels and loss of blood supply to the spinal cord can have serious consequences.

Surgeons have an important tool available during spinal surgery to monitor patients called intraoperative neuromonitoring or IOM. IOM methods include the wake-up test, somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP), transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP), spinal cord MEPs, spontaneous electromyography (sEMG), and triggered electromyography (tEMG).

Each one of these tests has its own purposes and functions. But the basic idea behind this type of monitoring is to make sure moment-by-moment during the procedure that no injury has occurred. This is called real-time monitoring. Warning is given so that any damage can be prevented or reversed.

The tests must be accurate enough to avoid any false positives or false negatives. A false positive means the test says there's a problem when there really isn't one. A false negative is a test that doesn't indicate a problem when there is one.

In this study, neurosurgeons from the University of Pennsylvania and University of Virginia reviewed studies published on intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). They wanted to know how sensitive are each of the tests. Surgeons need to know what test values require immediate action.

Having these tests makes it possible to perform more complex spinal surgeries. That's important for patients with severe scoliosis undergoing spinal correction to get the best possible result. The same is true for cancer patients with spinal tumors that have to be removed. It allows the surgeon to be more aggressive when it's needed and with less risk of complications.

For each of the IOM tests, the authors provide a description of the test, when it would be used, and what the research reports about reliability, validity, and effectiveness of each test. Surgeons are given ways to avoid problems and obstacles with each test. A summary of all the technical information is provided with key points from the article offered in the conclusion.

Here's a sample of the type of information surgeons can obtain from this review. The wake-up test (gradually reducing the amount of anesthesia until the patient wakes up enough to move their arms and legs) has many more drawbacks than benefits compared to the other tests. It's easy to do but only offers a one-time look at what's going on when really ongoing monitoring is much better. It should only be used along with a more consistent test.

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs) became popular in the late 1980s and early 1990s. They were thought to be reliable but it turned out there was a high rate of false negatives. SSEPs don't monitor all aspects of spinal cord, spinal nerve, and vascular (blood supply) function. They are not reliable to test mot...

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